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Hawaii State Symbols, Hawaiian Island Colors and Flowers

Nene Crossing Photo
Bird - Nene, also known as the Hawaiian goose. Adopted in 1957.
This goose lives on the volcanic slopes of Hawaii and has a soft, honking call.  It does not migrate or spend much time in the water. Only about 800 Nene are left in the wild; they are an endangered species.
Hula Luau
Dance – Hula.  Adopted in 1999.
Molokai is believed to be the birthplace of hula. The legend is that Laka, the goddess of the hula, traveled from island to island, teaching the dance to all who wished to learn. All of her graceful movements were layered with spiritual meaning, bringing to life stories and traditions of the Hawaiian people.
State Flag
Flag – Adopted in 1816.
Eight stripes of red, blue and white represent the eight main islands of Hawaii. The Union Jack (the flag of Great Britain) is in the upper left corner of the flag, honoring Hawaii's long relationship with Great Britain.
Humuhumu Photo Fish - Humuhumunukunukuapuaa.  Adopted 1985 and 2006.
The Humu is also  known as the rectangular trigger fish, Hawaiian trigger fish,  Picasso Triggerfish, and Reef Triggerfish.  Humuhumunukunukuapua'a have a diamond-shaped body with armor-like scales.  They are called a triggerfish because of their sharp, spike-like dorsal fin.
Hibiscus_flower
Flower - Pua Aloalo or Ma`o-hau-hele.  Adopted in 1988.
The Pua Aloalo (Hibiscus) is a beautiful blossom which grows abundantly throughout the islands. No other flower has such a great variety in form and color, or such continuous blooming.
State Seal
Great Seal - Adopted in 1959.
The bottom of the seal displays a quote from King Kamehameha III, after an attempted takeover in 1843 by a British admiral: "Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono", translated to "The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness."
Surfing Photo
Individual Sport – Surfing.  Adopted in 1998.
Hawaii is the home of surfing; The Pipeline, Sunset Beach, Waimea, Jaws. Big big waves.  Need we say more?
Hawaii Official Color Red
Hawaii - The official color is Red.  Adopted in 2000.
Kahoolawe Official Color Gray
Kahoolawe - The official color is Gray.  Adopted in 2000.
Kaua'i Official color Purple
Kauai - The official color is Purple.  Adopted in 2000.
O'ahu Official Color Yellow
Oahu - The official color is Golden Yellow.  Adopted in 2000.
Moloka'i Official Color Green
Molokai - The official color is Green.  Adopted in 2000.
Lana'i Official Color Orange
Lanai - The official color is Orange.  Adopted in 2000.
Ni'ihau Official Color
Niihau - The official color is White.  Adopted in 2000.
Maui Official Color Pink
Maui - The official color is Pink.  Adopted in 2000.
Red Ohia Photo
Hawaii (The Big Island) - The Red Ohia.  Adopted in 2000.
The Ohia blossom can also be yellow, orange or white. It is believed that the red Ohia represents the goddess Pele.  Pele is the goddess of fire.
Pink Damask Rose Photo
Maui - Lokelani (heavenly rose), also known as Damask Rose.  Adopted in 1923.
The pink Damask rose, a native of Asia Minor was brought to the New World by the Spanish and introduced to Hawaii in the early 1800s. Soon the Damask Rose became a very sought-after plant for Hawaiian gardens.  It became so popular in the gardens of Lahaina, Maui, that people finally nicknamed it the Maui rose.
Ilima Flower Photo
Oahu - Puailima, from the native Dodder Shrubs.  Adopted in 2000.
The ilima flower can range in color from yellow to orange, red to brown.  The ilima is the lei flower for Oahu and symbolizes love.  The leaves are soft and fuzzy which helps the plant reflect some of the sun’s energy, which slows down the evaporation process.
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Kauai – Mokihana, from the native tree.  Adopted in 2000.
The Mokihana is designated as the official lei material of Kauai.  The light violet Mokihana flower and green berries grow only in Kauai forests.
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Molokai - Pua kukui, also known as the candlenut tree.  Adopted in 2000.
The Pua kukui is designated as the official lei material of Molokai.  Pua kukui is the white blossom of the candlenut tree (Kukui is also the official state tree of Hawaii).
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Lanai - Kauna`oa, also known as the Native Dodder.  Adopted in 2000.
The Kauna`oa is designated as the official lei material of Lanai.  It is in the avocado family.  The Kauna`oa grows abundantly along the roadsides of the lowlands and in the dryland forest of Lanai. It is especially beautiful along the beaches of Hawaii.
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Niihau - Pä pä, also known as Momi, Laiki, and Kahelelani.  Adopted in 2000. The Pä pä is designated as the official lei material of Niihau. Momi, laiki (rice shells), and kahelelani are the three most commonly used shells for leis on Niihau. Kahelelani are the smallest at only about 5 mm, Momi are the largest, at an average length of 10 mm and Laiki are about 9 mm with relatively thick shells.

Hinahina Photo

Kahoolawe - Hinahina or Native Heliotrope.  Adopted in 2000.
Hinahina is designated as the official lei material of Kahoolawe.  The small, white, tubular flowers smell sweet and are quite fragrant. The narrow long leaves are covered with soft silky hairs that give them a silvery appearance. The leaves are somewhat moist and often grow in rosettes towards the tips of the stems.

Kukui Tree Photo
Tree - Kukui Tree.  Adopted in 1959.
The Kukui tree is native to all the islands of Hawaii.  The ancient Hawaiians used the Kukui tree for medicine, dye, light, fuel, and ornament. Its light green foliage which decorates many of the slopes of the mountains, causes the Kukui tree to be especially treasured by the people of Hawaii.
NO KA 'OI Language – Hawaiian.  Adopted in 1978.
Humpback Whale
Marine Mammal - Humpback Whale.  Adopted in 1979.
To Hawaiians, the whale represents the Hawaiian god, Kanaloa - the god of animals in the ocean.  A large percentage of the North Pacific humpbacks migrate to the Hawaiian islands during the winter months, November through May. Humpback whales are an endangered species.
Aloha in Sand Photo
Popular Name - The Aloha State.  Adopted in 1959.
Aloha can mean hello, goodbye, and I love you. It is a way of living to the Hawaiians. This is called the aloha spirit. The aloha spirit means people help others and care about other people, like a big happy family "Ohana".
Ukulele Photo

Song - "Hawaii Pono`i".  Adopted in 1967.
The national anthem of the Hawaiian Kingdom was composed by King David Kalakaua in 1876 honoring King Kamehameha I, founder of the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1810.  The anthem is always sung in Hawaiian.
 

Outrigger Canoe Photo
Team Sport - Outrigger Canoe Paddling.  Adopted in 1986.
During the European occupation of many of the islands, especially Hawaii in 1820, canoe racing was banned and paddles replaced with bibles. Later in 1876 King David Kalakau reinstated the sport. By 1908 the first outrigger canoe clubs were founded in Hawaii.  Hawaii became the birthplace of contemporary outrigger canoe racing.
Black Coral Photo
Gem - Black Coral.  Adopted in 1987.
Hawaii has more than 150 of the more than 200 black coral species. Black corals can be a dominant feature of Hawaii’s unique deep coral reef environment.  Black corals are very common in the Auau Channel, between Maui and Lanai.


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